Dharamshala is located in the upper reaches of the Kangra valley in Himachal Pradesh and is placed at an average altitude of 1,475 meters above sea level. The city is surrounded a thick cover of deodar cedar trees and is one of the major strong holds for the Tibetan refugees and the seat of the 14th dalai lama of the Tibetan sect of Buddhism. The town due to its picturesque surroundings and the presence of the Dalai Lama has made the town a popular tourist destination, both for the Indians and the foreign tourists.
Monastery was established by the 3rd
Dalai Lama in 1575 and was relocated to Dharamshala following the 1959 Tibetan
uprising. The monastery is one of the major learning and cultural centers of
the Tibetan populated in Dharamsala. The monastery currently houses around 200
Tibetan monks and is one of the most frequented places in Dharamshala.
Dal Lake (of Dharamshala):The Dal Lake in Dharamshala is named after its eponymous
counterpart in Jammu and Kashmir. The lake is spread across 1 square kilometer
and resembles the lake at Kashmir. It is one of the popular picnic spot and is
surrounded by the thick deodar and juniper forests. The Kali temple located
near the banks is home to a marvelous annual fair.
Kangra Fort:Kangra Fort was the
seat and residence of the one of the oldest existing dynasties in the World.
The Katoch rulers of Kangra belong to the lineage of the rulers of Trigata
mentioned in the Hindu Epics Ramayana and Mahabharatha and also in Alexander
the Greatâ€™s war records. The fort complex contains several well detailed halls
and watchtowers along with a couple of temples that date back to the 9th
Kangra Museum:Kangra Museum houses
various articles and artifacts that are significant to the Tibetan Buddhists
and the Kangra Valley culture. The various manuscripts, handicrafts, pottery
place here date back to the 5th century and the facility also contains a
famous for its various rock-cut temples that date back to the 8th century AD.
The carvings in the temples are finely detailed and are similar to that of the
Ellora caves in Maharashtra and contain various images of the Hindu deities
like Lord Ram, Sita and Lakshamana from the oldest Hindu epic, Ramayana.
McLeod Ganj:With an
average elevation of 2,082 meters above sea level, McLeod Ganj is named after Sir Donald Friell
McLeod who was the Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab under whom the area was
developed. The place is known for its various attractions including the
residence of the 14th Dalai Lama. The place is one of the most frequented spots
in Dharamshala and is famous for its Tibetan culture, handicrafts and temples.
The Hanuman Tibba is the highest peak at the height of 5,639 meters above sea
level and can be viewed from McLeod Ganj.